You may not use X’s services for the purpose of manipulating or interfering in elections or other civic processes, such as posting or sharing content that may suppress participation, mislead people about when, where, or how to participate in a civic process, or lead to offline violence during an election. Any attempt to undermine the integrity of civic participation undermines our core tenets of freedom of expression and as a result, we will apply labels to violative posts informing users that the content is misleading.
What is a civic process?
X considers civic processes to be events or procedures mandated, organized, and conducted by the governing and/or electoral body of a country, state, region, district, or municipality to address a matter of common concern through public participation. Some examples of civic processes may include:
- Political elections
- Major referenda and ballot initiatives
What is in violation of this policy?
This policy addresses 4 categories of misleading behavior and content:
Misleading information about how to participate
You may not advance verifiably false or misleading information about how to participate in an election or other civic process. This includes but is not limited to:
- misleading information about procedures to participate in a civic process (for example, that you can vote by Post, text message, email, or phone call in jurisdictions where these are not a possibility);
- misleading information about requirements for participation, including identification or citizenship requirements;
- misleading claims that cause confusion about the established laws, regulations, procedures, and methods of a civic process, or about the actions of officials or entities executing those civic processes; and
- misleading statements or information about the official, announced date or time of a civic process.
You may not advance verifiably false or misleading information about the circumstances surrounding a civic process intended to intimidate or dissuade people from participating in an election or other civic process. This includes but is not limited to:
misleading claims that polling places are closed, that polling has ended, or other misleading information relating to votes not being counted;
misleading claims about police or law enforcement activity related to voting in an election, polling places, or collecting census information;
misleading claims about long lines, equipment problems, or other disruptions at voting locations during election periods;
You may not engage in or promote behaviors that may coerce others to refrain from participating in a civic process. This includes, but is not limited to:
inciting or promoting violent behaviors intentionally near a location where an electoral process is being conducted, including polling stations and vote counting locations;
inciting the disruption or destruction of procedures, infrastructure, or election equipment that is necessary for someone to participate in a civic process;
inciting others to harass voters or poll workers;
promoting the brandishing of firearms near polling locations to intimidate voters and election workers;
- threats regarding voting locations or other key places or events (note that our Violent Speech policy may also be relevant for threats not covered by this policy).
False or misleading affiliation
You may not create fake accounts which misrepresent their affiliation, or share content that falsely represents its affiliation, to a candidate, elected official, political party, electoral authority, or government entity. Read more about our Misleading and deceptive identities policy.
What is not a violation of this policy?
Not all false or untrue information about politics or civic processes constitutes manipulation or interference. In the absence of other policy violations, the following are generally not in violation of this policy:
inaccurate statements about an elected or appointed official, candidate, or political party;
organic content that is polarizing, biased, hyperpartisan, or contains controversial viewpoints expressed about elections or politics;
discussion of public polling information; voting and audience participation for competitions, game shows, or other entertainment purposes;
- using X pseudonymously or as a parody, commentary, or fan account to discuss elections or politics.
What happens if you violate this policy?
Posts that are enforced under this policy will have their reach restricted on X by:
Excluding the post from search results, trends, and recommended notifications
Removing the post from the For you and Following timelines
Restricting the post's discoverability to the author’s profile
Restricting Likes, replies, reposts, quotes, bookmarks, share, pin to profile, or Edit post
Downranking the Post in replies
Posts enforced under this policy will receive a label informing both Post authors and viewers that we have limited the Post’s visibility. Post authors are able to submit an appeal on the label if they think we incorrectly limited their Post’s visibility. Learn more about our range of enforcement options.